Loss of agricultural and livelihood.
Due to huge environmental, social and cultural costs, this puts extreme stress on health, food security, displacement, and respiratory diseases.
Mining companies who promised to provide scholarships and livelihood to the affected people are mere palliatives in comparison to the massive environmental destruction and are long-term negative heath impacts of unsustainable mining practices.
Mining is still considered as a hazardous industry, though it has its advantages yet the disadvantages far outweigh the advantages of its existence.
Gina Lopez, Secretary of DENR believes that the quality of life of the people is more important rather than the money they make. Although, her order would result to massive job loss and it could affect her confirmation at the Commission on Appointment (CA), she will still keep her stand and do her duty despite of all the criticisms she received. President Rodrigo Duterte also said that he chose to appoint Lopez because she shares his stand on responsible mining and environmental conservation. In addition, Duterte also said that the Filipino people own the mineral resources, though the present law does not provide for payment for these resources.
Digging for more, the mining contributes little to the economy, it is not huge employment generator. Mining’s total contribution is only 234,000 in year 2015 or 0.6% of total employment in the country. Hence, the main challenge on the current administration is to champion and institutionalize the genuine reforms in the mining sector.