Taal Volcano Eruption: First Aid sa Pamilya mo

Tamang Gamit ng Face Mask Laban Sa Polusyon

Payo ni Dr Willie Ong at Doc Liza

1. Ang face mask ay puwedeng ma-protektahan ka laban sa sakit at sa polusyon sa hangin. Mas mabisa ang Respirator o N95 masks. Kung walang face mask, pwede PANYO muna ang gamitin. 

2. Kung konti lang ang polusyon, puwede pa mag-air con. Pero kung matindi ang polusyon, baka mas maigi wag na mag-aircon. Depende po.

3. Huwag nang lumabas ng bahay, lalo na ang mga may edad, may sakit, buntis at mga bata.

4. Isara ang mga pintuan at bintana ng bahay. Isara din ang mga kurtina para masala ang mga dumi.

Taal Volcano with Taal Lake, Luzon Island, Philippines…

Taal volcano with its lake-filled 15×20 km wide Talisay (Taal) caldera is a beautiful caldera volcano, but also one of the most active and dangerous volcanoes of the Philippines. Taal has had some of the country’s largest and deadliest eruptions: At least 6 eruptions during the recorded history of Taal since 1572 claimed fatalities, mostly from powerful pyroclastic flows, as well as tsunamis produced in the crater lake.

The Taal caldera is largely filled by Lake Taal, whose 267 sq km surface lies only 3 m above sea level. The maximum depth of the lake is 160 m, and contains several eruptive centers submerged beneath the lake. All historic eruptions took place from the 5-km-wide volcanic island in the northern-central part of the lake. 

The island is formed by overlapping stratovolcanoes, cinder cones and tuff rings (maars). Historic eruptions have seen the constant change and growth of the island. 

Taal caused one of the worst volcano disasters in history: its eruption in 1911 killed 1334 people and caused ash fall as far as Manila city. Due to its devastating potential, Taal was declared one of the “Decade Volcanoes” in the Decade Volcanoes program of the 1990s in order to incentive study and monitoring of the volcano. Taal is today one of the most closely monitored volcanoes in the region. An increase in seismic activity under Taal was recorded in November 2006, followed by an increase in hot water springs in the crater in April 2007.

“As of this issuance, ashfall from the ongoing eruption of Taal has reportedly fallen in the following areas: Tanauan, Batangas; Escala, Tagaytay; Sta. Rosa, Laguna; Dasmariñas, Bacoor, Silang, Cavite; Malolos, San Jose Del Monte, Meycauayan, Bulacan; Antipolo, Rizal; Muntinlupa, Las Piñas, Marikina, Parañaque, Pasig, Quezon City, Mandaluyong, San Juan, Manila, Makati City, and Taguig City. Larger particles called lapilli measuring 2 to 64 millimeters in diameter have reportedly fallen in the following areas: Tanauan, Talisay, Batangas; Tagaytay City; Nuvali and Sta. Rosa, Laguna.

Fine ashfall can cause irritation and breathing problems, especially among elderly and children and it is particularly dangerous to our health. In addition, areas of ashfall have also experienced sulfurous smell which can also cause irritation. Affected populations are advised to protect their mouths and noses using N95 grade face masks or wet cloth or towel. Motorists are advised to drive with extreme caution as wet ash can cause poor visibility and, when wet, can make roads slippery.

The Philippine Seismic Network has recorded a total of 52 volcanic earthquakes in the Taal region as of 12:49 AM, January 13, 2020. Twenty-six (26) of these earthquakes were felt with intensities ranging from Intensity II – V in Tagaytay City, Cabuyao, Laguna, Talisay, Alitagtag, Lemery, and Bauan, Batangas. Such intense seismic activity probably signifies continuous magma intrusion beneath the Taal edifice, which may lead to further eruptive activity.

DOST-PHIVOLCS strongly reiterates the total evacuation of the Volcano Island and high-risk areas within the 14-kilometer radius from the Taal Main Crater. Areas in the general north are advised to guard against the effects of heavy and prolonged ashfall. Civil aviation authorities must advise aircraft to avoid the airspace around Taal Volcano as airborne ash and ballistic fragments from the eruption column pose hazards to aircraft. DOST-PHIVOLCS is continually monitoring the eruption and will update all stakeholders of further developments.”

TAAL VOLCANO 1911 Eruption 

Taal caused one of the worst volcano disasters in history: its eruption in 1911 killed 1334 people and caused ash fall as far as Manila city. Due to its devastating potential, Taal was declared one of the “Decade Volcanoes” in the Decade Volcanoes program of the 1990s in order to incentive study and monitoring of the volcano. Taal is today one of the most closely monitored volcanoes in the region.

A huge fan-shaped cloud of what looked like a black smoke rose to a great height estimated at about a mile. It crossed and criss-crossed with a brilliant electrical display. This cloud finally shot up that marked the culmination of the eruption around 2 in the morning of January 30.

According to scientists, the island on which Taal is situated sank from three to ten feet as a result of the eruption. This claim has been disputed by laymen, but subsequent investigations have established it to be true. It has also been found that the southern shore of Lake Taal sank in elevation as a result of the eruption. The course of the Pansipit river, the only outlet of the lake, at its southern shore, was considerably changed.

All historic eruptions took place from the five-kilometer- wide volcanic island in the northern-central part of the lake.The island is formed by overlapping stratovolcanoes, cinder cones and tuff rings (maars). Historic eruptions have seen the constant change and growth of the island. Taal has had some of the country’s largest and deadliest eruptions: At least 6 eruptions during the recorded history of Taal since 1572 claimed fatalities, mostly from powerful pyroclastic flows, as well as tsunamis produced in the crater lake. Eruption list: 1977, 1976, 1970, 1969, 1968, 1967, 1966, 1965, 1911, 1904, 1903, 1885(?), 1878, 1874, 1873, 1842, 1825, 1808, 1790, 1754, 1749, 1731, 1729, 1716, 1715, 1709, 1707, 1645, 1641, 1635, 1634, 1609, 1591, 1572

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